In many apartments and houses, the kitchen is a central starting point, in which communicates as well as cooked and worked. The family life is firmly anchored in her and just open kitchen concepts prove time and again that they are indispensable for the exchange with each other, promotes time together and at the same time also quite modern, trendy and come along with feel-good atmosphere. For the perfect dream kitchen, however, it first requires a precise planning, so that everything fits together – whether room size, kitchen form, materials or the Selection of the right electrical appliances It does not necessarily mean that an expensive specialist has to be hired for these and other tasks. But which steps must not be neglected in kitchen planning, which elements are particularly important and what does the ideal kitchen look like?
- First comes the floor plan
When it comes to the planning of the kitchen, it starts with the floor plan. Regardless of whether the kitchen is to be completely rebuilt or only renewed and restored, the planned areas and the consideration of existing and desired space are important. In particular, the following points should be considered:
- Square meters and shape
As a rule of thumb for the kitchen, this should be at least 8 to 10 square meters, so that a pleasant work is possible. If you also want to integrate a spacious dining area, but should count on at least 12 square meters. If there is enough space, other solutions are also available, such as the popular kitchen island, for which at least 15-20 square meters are to be planned. If it is a two-line kitchen, then a room width of at least 2.40 meters should be taken into account, so that all doors can be opened and the occupants can still move around the room without any problem. For a U-shaped kitchen unit, it should be at least 2.70 meters. Alone here, it can already be seen that a well-planned ground plan can save a lot of trouble afterwards.
- Connections for electrical appliances
In particular stove and oven as well as refrigerator and freezer are really essential. Anyone who invests directly in a dishwasher at this point can also look forward to less chaos in the kitchen afterwards. In addition, dishwashers are considered very ecological, according to a post at Bayern 1 They save both time and long-term costs and are therefore very worthwhile for the consumer.
Before the selection of the devices, however, the sockets should be planned. The minimum equipment includes 6-8 sockets in the kitchen, by default it should be better 9-11. If you are planning a particularly generous kitchen with a corresponding number of appliances, you can also increase this number to 12-14 units. If there is a dining area, usually 2-4 additional sockets are also included. Apart from that, light and the correct installation of the devices are decisive above all:
- The stove, sink and worktops should ideally be equipped with additional light sources. Recommended for a good work light fluorescent tubes, as individual spots throw unfavorable shade.
- For energy saving reasons, it is best to install the refrigerator and storage cabinet away from each other. Many consumers also ask themselves whether the electric cooker may be placed next to other equipment as a critical device. However, today’s devices are well insulated overall, so that it is now readily possible, for example, dishwasher and electric stove next to each other.
- Consider structural features
In order for the new kitchen to fit exactly and the available space to be used as well as possible, exact room dimensions are necessary. Sometimes it happens that a room is not rectangular or easy to measure. This includes, for example, chimney pits, protrusions, niches, bay windows and the like. Are corners and angles really right-angled?
- The arrangement of the individual kitchen elements – the kitchen triangle
If you work in the kitchen every day, you will enjoy short distances and practical devices. When planning, it is important to consider the three areas sink, stove and refrigerator. Together they form the so-called “Kitchen Triangle” and thus the main running and working paths within the kitchen.
- Distance between devices and elements
The paths between the three stations are divided as follows:
- 120 – 210 cm from the fridge to the sink
- 120 – 210 cm (in small rooms 90 cm) from sink to oven
- 120 – 270 cm from the fridge to the oven
These are standard values, because the shape, size and layout of the kitchen vary and make the kitchen triangle always look a little different. As a basic form and orientation aid serves the kitchen triangle.
- Kitchen forms and their individual advantages and disadvantages
How exactly the layout of the kitchen looks like and how the kitchen triangle evolves in each case depends to a large extent on the form of kitchen chosen. It can be divided into five common forms, each with different advantages and disadvantages.
The standard single-line kitchen is ideal for single households and is ideal for small budgets and limited space. It is also common in narrow, long rooms. However, it is recommended to work with tall and wall cabinets in order to create further storage space. Also possible for this purpose is the use of a deeper workspace and deeper extracts.
- Two lines
For small rooms from 8 square meters or open floor plans, the two-line kitchen offers. In the latter case, the second line then serves as a kind of room divider as a cooking island. The two-line kitchenette offers plenty of work space. Important: the movement radius between the lines is big enough. So it is possible that working in the kitchen works well with multiple people without problems. At least 120 inches should be for this purpose between the two kitchen lines.
The L-shaped kitchen is an all-rounder, which offers itself for many different rooms. Thanks to the arrangement on the corner, the paths are very short, on the other hand, however, in bad planning, an unused dead corner at 90-degree angle of the L-shape may arise. In order not to lose this valuable storage space, for example, corner cabinets or rotating rondels can be integrated.
The U-shape lends itself to a very functional kitchen because it creates a large storage and working area. Since the kitchen overall looks very large and massive, it requires few tall cabinets – otherwise, it quickly creates an oppressive feeling. If tall cabinets are absolutely necessary, they are best fitted to one side or in the corners. It is not always possible with the U-shape to integrate an additional dining area, since three out of four walls are already full.
- Open kitchen with cooking island
The open kitchen with cooking island needs a lot of space, at least 15 square meters should be available for the realization. Open kitchens benefit from at least 80 centimeters of freedom of movement. If this can not be set up, alternatively offers a peninsula. Basically, the open kitchen offers a lot of space for working and stowing, in addition, any area can be outsourced to the cooking island if necessary. Since kitchen islands are very flexible, there are several options for planning. For example, the combination with another kitchen form, other cabinets or a series of tall cabinets.
- Ergonomic kitchen – the right planning for your health
Much of the day is spent in the kitchen, so important in planning is also the point “ergonomics”. Especially the optimum height for the oven, worktop and sink are crucial, so that at any time in the everyday life postural damage or back pain. At the same time, it works faster. The kitchen is an all-round pleasant place to live, work and feel good.
- Style question – country house, design or rather classic?
Clear-lacquered fronts are available for a clean and minimalist look, but the more romantic country-house style is also popular in many households. In principle, however, almost anything can be realized here, provided that the necessary small change is available. Be it the Tuscan cooking corner with natural stone, the designer kitchen in stainless steel look or a Nordic-oriented variant with dark wood and cool colors – is allowed, what pleases. The important thing is that the initially chosen style is later changeable, but this is associated with high costs. The choice of a kitchen style should therefore be well considered, so that the residents are satisfied with their facility as long as possible. Inspiration for different kitchen styles, for example, offers a contribution from Deavita with over 100 trends and kitchen designs.
- Color design in the kitchen
As important as the basic composition of the kitchen elements and the wise use of the available space are, at least as important is the selection of colors, shapes, patterns and materials. However, before taking this important step, the layout should be fully planned and approved. Then it can go to the finishing touch and the interior design.
- Psychology of colors
It is a fact that colors influence people directly in their perception and also make a room look completely different with few resources. This is why a lot of attention has been paid to the use of wall and other colors in the kitchen. However, if you want to achieve a great effect, you should not only select and combine it to your own taste, but also consider some important rules of color theory. In the kitchen as well as in other rooms, certain colors are preferred, which for example have a particularly invigorating effect, convey calm or even curb or stimulate appetite. These psychological effect of colors Can be used during interior decoration to create a certain mood. For example, the following variants are possible:
The implementation can be approached in many ways. Often it is already enough to paint the back wall of the kitchen in the desired color, but the floor and the kitchen unit should also match in color. Ideal for experiments are white kitchens, because they allow almost any color combination. It is more difficult, however, even if the kitchen itself is colored – it is best in this case only resorted to another color, if this holds discreetly in the background, does not bite with the existing color and not too much unrest in the room brings. For successful combinations, patterns are also suitable as long as the mix is harmonious.
- Modern color trends for the kitchen
Modern kitchens are no longer just for cooking and working, but rather they are an integral part of the living area. This is especially true in the case of an open kitchen. Using different materials, colors and custom finishes, the kitchen will be an extension of the living room, creating the right ambiance for both socializing and family time together. In this regard, it is above all the design and kitchen fairs that constantly bring new trends to the consumer. Some popular variations include the following:
- Copper, stone and concrete – a successful mix of colors and materials
In many kitchens, the design goes in the direction of nature, which is noticeable by solid stone worktops or cabinet fronts in stone look. Above all the quality, stability as well as the robust characteristics and the longevity make the natural stone so popular. The disadvantage of marble, slate, granite and Co .: The stones are relatively expensive. The design is different when it comes to concrete. Actually, the material is considered cool, but now it is increasingly used in interior design and is especially very comfortable when it is combined with wood and creates a Mediterranean ambience. Also exciting is the use of metal, especially copper. The reddish, soft shimmer blends unobtrusively, yet modern, into unusual kitchen concepts and skilfully sets accents.
- Trend color Petrol keeps moving into kitchens
Petrol has been a trend color for some years now, which keeps coming alive. It looks classy and equally intense, can be used as a single eye-catcher or can be combined with other colors. A good figure makes them together with the colors gray, yellow, white and green, but also with brass and copper elements can convince the color. All in all, Petrol creates a quiet and stylish environment that equally provides a fresh breeze in your own four walls.
- Implement color blocking in the kitchen
Another way to color enhance the kitchen is the so-called color blocking. This is a trend in which bright colors are applied over a large area and combined with each other. In general, there is no right or wrong in color blocking, so there may well be strong contrasts. Those who prefer a more discreet, but chooses color combinations of adjacent color areas such as orange and red and a third, balancing color that regulates the effect something. Gentle pastel shades are best suited for the latter.
- Choice of materials – materials for floor, fronts and Co.
In the kitchens, numerous materials meet, some of which have proven themselves over the long term, while others have proved less useful. Whether kitchen front, floor, wall or armature – the following small material knowledge provides information about the most important representatives.
- Recommendations for kitchen fronts
- Plastic – Plastic is easy to care for, colorful and robust. This makes it an inexpensive alternative to paint, glass or wood. As a rule, however, plastic does not have a particularly high-quality effect due to the low price.
- Glass – Glass brings clarity and clarity to the kitchen, as dishes shine through the cabinets, yet are protected from dust and haze. Small rooms are also brighter and more generous.
- Paint – High-gloss lacquer looks very chic and noble thanks to light reflections and reflections. It also sets beautiful accents in various colors and is still very hard-wearing and easy-care.
- Wood – If you like it classic and rustic, you can rely on the natural product wood. Both expensive solid wood and the slightly cheaper plywood bring warmth and feel-good atmosphere to the kitchen. In addition, wood offers many design options, looks friendly and open and is thanks to sealing usually also easy to clean.
- Stainless steel Stainless steel has long since ceased to be found only in professional kitchens. Instead, it is increasingly used in very modern kitchens as a decorative element. Noble jet emits a cool elegance, is hygienic and overall very easy to care for – scratches and streaks can however catch the eye faster than with other materials.
- Recommendations for kitchen wall and kitchen floor
- PVC – PVC is a classic that is cheap, easy to lay, easy to clean and almost indestructible. Meanwhile, the selection of colors and patterns is also almost unlimited and offers many modern ideas. Especially nature lovers should avoid the substance, however, as it is hazardous to health in contact with the mucous membranes.
- Tiles – Tiles are especially suitable when laying underfloor heating. They also convince as a rustic, matte or noble shiny version. Again, the selection is great, in addition, most models are very easy to maintain. Even as a kitchen wall tiles were still very popular a few years ago, but today they are getting more and more out of fashion. Instead, films, tempered glass or stainless steel are used.
- Wood – Whether wood parquet, planks or laminate, wood is still very popular in the kitchen and represents an interesting contrast to cool, modern kitchens. However, it is not particularly hard-wearing and therefore requires an additional surface treatment.
- Terracotta – Terracotta floors are considered to be particularly noble and valuable, and they also create a warm atmosphere. Also, the patina, which arises after about a year, has many admirers. However, the wood is not easy to maintain, sand acts on it, for example, like sandpaper. For maintenance, water and a slightly oily special additive are suitable.
- Marble – Marble is delicate and therefore requires a good surface seal. Particularly critical are vinegar and juice splashes that leave unsightly stains on the unprotected stone. Basically, all splashes and drops should be removed as quickly as possible.
- Recommendations for worktop, sink and tap
- Worktop – a worktop should be as indestructible as possible, because it works almost every day. Stains, water and shock are commonplace and can put a heavy strain on the plate. When selecting a material, heat resistance, scratch resistance, care requirements and hardness should therefore play a major role. These include wood, corian, cristalite, glass or ceramics.
- Kitchen sink – Probably the most popular material for sinks is stainless steel, but also ceramic and glass are being used more and more often. It is also not suitable as a storage area for cast-iron pots and pans, so a suitable underlay should not be missing.
- Fitting – The choices range from chrome to brass to brushed steel, as well as hard gilding, copper and bronze colors are popular. With the appropriate care, every variant is possible, but especially colored surfaces are very vulnerable. Especially acidic or alcoholic and abrasive cleaning agents usually lead to reactions with the metal.